At the department of pathological anatomy with a sectional course and forensic medicine, students receive theoretical and practical knowledge: medical (III, IV, V courses), dental (II and III courses) faculties and the Institute of Nursing. The following scientific disciplines are read: pathological anatomy, forensic medicine, sectional course. A Z-system for mastering theoretical knowledge and practical skills was introduced, as well as the organization of the educational process in the “single day” system during the sectional course and the course of forensic medicine for students of the 4th and 5th years of medical faculty. Students II and III courses of medical and dental faculties are engaged in a tape system, studying the specialty "Morphology".
prof. Ya.YA. Bodnar teaches classes for 3rd year students (2018)
The main task of the department is to improve the applied study of pathological processes and through clinical and morphological analysis to teach students to evaluate the essence of the disease, its clinical manifestations, and also to solve questions of forensic medical examination in cases of violent death.
The staff of the department: Head of the Department, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Yaroslav Ya. Bodnar, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Petro R. Selskyy, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Oksana Ye. Kuziv, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Volodymyr D. Voloshyn (the head teacher), Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Anna Z. Mykolenko, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Tetyana K. Holovata, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Tamara V. Datsko, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Valentyn V. Franchuk, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Yuriy M. Orel, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Mykhaylo Ya. Furdela, Assistant-professor, Ph.d. Svitlana V. Trach Rosolovskaya, assistant Andriy F. Slyva, assistant Ihor I. Yuryk, assistant Olena I. Kripka, senior laboratory assistant Natalia Levandovska, senior laboratory assistan Iryna Solomko, laboratory assistan Nina Bilanyk.
We teach domestic and foreign students. The disciplines are taught in three languages: Ukrainian, Russian and English.
Associate professor V. Franchuk with students of foreign faculty (2015)
Over the past five years, staff of the department have introduced qualitatively new methodological approaches to teaching disciplines in accordance with the European requirements for reforming medical education. Thanks to the university administration, a major overhaul and technical re-equipment of the premises was carried out, which made it possible to conduct practical exercises using modern computer technologies. Restored and supplemented with wet preparations by macromuseum, the exposition of which has become more accessible for practical mastering by students of the macroscopic manifestations of various pathological processes and the solution of special issues of forensic expert diagnosis. The exhibits are systematized by content modules of pathomorphology and forensic medicine.
The educational fund of the department is supplemented with new microscopic preparations, especially using histochemical methods of dyeing fabrics. Micro-preparations are used not only in practical classes as illustrative material, but also by young assistants and students in circles to improve the skills of histopathological diagnosis. The microscopic archive has become the basis of an atlas of histopathology prepared for publication, created in collaboration with the Department of Pathological Anatomy of the Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University and the Institute of Clinical Pathology of the Lviv Daniil Galitsky National Medical University. It is intended for both university students and doctors - pathomorphologists. Close cooperation with the Department of Pathomorphology of Sumy National University ended with the publication of the English-language manual "Short course of pathomorphology", which received a signature stamp of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and published by the publishing house "Ukrmedkniga" in 2011. In the editorial portfolio of the same publishing house, a handbook for clinical nursing bachelors “Clinical histopathology” is waiting for its replication; the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, prepared by the staff of the department, is also approved and scheduled for publication in 2012.
Created by a small forensic museum, which exhibits two unique training mock-ups of the scene of the incident and four stands with original samples of various traumatic objects, weapons and firearms. Using the museum for educational purposes gives students the opportunity to better assimilate the diagnostic signs of the action of sharp and blunt objects according to the classification of associate profs. A.I. Mukhanov and the crime scene description algorithm.
The Museum of the Department is constantly used for the formation of installations for a healthy lifestyle of school and student youth, the fight against bad habits, clearly reproducing the consequences and complications of alcoholism, drug addiction, smoking and so on.
Typical moments of the educational process at the department in 2015
The training rooms of the department are equipped with multimedia equipment and plasma TVs, which provides a demonstration of micro-preparations and analysis of pathological changes for the entire audience. The teacher’s workplace is equipped with a computer and video system, which makes it possible to transfer images from a microscope to a TV screen, to show fragments of video films on the subject of the lesson.
Introducing the fundamentals of the European credit-modular system, the department’s staff has been actively working over the past five years to improve the informational and educational-methodological support of the educational process in order not only to modernize and intensify it, but also to change the students' worldview and create positive motivations for obtaining professional knowledge. In order to effectively accomplish the tasks set, a system of purposeful cognitive process management based on problem-search training has been developed, which is reflected in the introduction of the Z-system and a single school day. Such a training system involves focusing students' attention on the independent development of theoretical material and the application of the knowledge gained in various clinical cases, their vision of new problems in known standard conditions, the awareness of new functions of a structurally remodeled organ or tissue, in the ability to identify possible, including atypical, clinical manifestations of the pathological process.
Under these conditions, the instructor is assigned a guiding methodological and advisory functions. To this end, individual “Albums for student's paudual and classroom work” have been introduced into the practice of the pedagogical process, according to the first and second modules of the pathology program. The main objectives of this methodological manual is mastering the techniques of highlighting the main idea of the text and comparing the illustrative material that is given in textbooks or atlases in pathomorphology, this is an important ground for the ability to generalize and describe the macroscopic and microscopic manifestations of the pathological process.
The first stage of managing an independent problem-search training is to determine the input level of knowledge of students before the start of their cognitive classroom activities using the methodological materials developed at the department and the university intranet system. To this end, the student is offered on the eve of classes in extracurricular conditions, through the use of the MOODLE computer program, to solve 24 tasks that are 50% represented by word problems, 25% are situational tasks of the “Step-1” fence and 25% of tasks are composed using macro and micrographs. The content of the tasks is formulated in such a way that the student can give the correct answer only if the theoretical material is fully assimilated.
For this, students have all the possibilities - the staff of the department prepared and published a number of textbooks and teaching aids: 1) Emergency states: A textbook. Ed. Fourth, add. and trans. / Edited by M.S. Regeda, V.I. Kresyun. A team of authors 33 including Bodnar J.Y. - Lviv: Magnolia 2006, 2008. - 844 p. (87.36 pp) 2) Collection of tasks to prepare for the test exam in natural sciences "Krok-1. General medical practice "Teaching manual. / Edited by V.F. Moskalenko, A.P. Volosovets, N.E. Bullakh, A.N. Yavorovsky, A.V. Romanenko, L.I. Ostapyuk. The team of authors including Bodnar J.Y. - M .: Medicine, 2005, - 365 p.; 3) Forensic Medicine: Course of lectures. - 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. / A.Kh.Zavalnyuk. - Ternopil: TSMU, Ukrmedkniga, 2006. - 672 p .; 4) Morphology. Manual / Bodnar Y.Ya., Romanyuk A.M. - Ternopil: Ukrmedkniga. 2009 - 495s. (40.3 mind print l ..) 5) Forensic Medicine: practice guine / Franchuk V.V. - Ternopil: 2011. - 204p.; 6) Short course of pathomorphology. Bodnar Ya., Romanyuk A.M., Bodnar R.Ya., Romanyuk K.A., Voloshyn V.D. - Ternopil: TSMU, 2011. - 544 p. They provide an algorithm for performing extracurricular problem-search work with the introduction of theoretical and illustrative material, samples of control tests. Similar material is posted on the WEB-page of the university intranet department in the sections "Materials for preparing for practical classes" and "Materials for preparing for lectures" in Ukrainian, Russian and English. In addition, students have the opportunity to use e-books: Sectional course (to help the young pathologist). Manual / Ya.Ya.Bodnar, E.E. Kuziv A.E. - Ternopil. Ukrmedkniga. - 2005., Forensic medicine. Allowance - Ternopil. Ukrmedkniga. - 2005.
Main publications of the department staff (2014)
Using the specified methodological possibilities, the student has the opportunity to independently assess the gaps in self-preparation for practical work or an objectively structured clinical exam (USKI), re-refer to theoretical material, or find out some questions when performing the teacher’s class work. Thus, using the computer technology provides feedback "teacher - student." Separately, it should be noted that telecommunication programs provide an opportunity to the associate professor of the department TV. Datsko provide distance education for foreign bachelor students outside Ukraine, including the United States and Canada, in real time.
The classroom part of mastering a specific content module is aimed at familiarizing students with the real features of the work of the pathologist and forensic expert, as well as mastering practical skills, especially those provided for practical skills. This problem is solved by studying the microscopic and macroscopic signs of pathological changes in organs and tissues.
Using the video system with the transfer of the image from the microscope to the TV screen, macro preparations and other objects from the museum exposition, the teacher creates a situational task. To solve it, the student has the opportunity not only to clarify, together with the teacher or colleagues in the group, certain manifestations of pathological changes, but also to compare and analyze the situational changes of this case with the illustrative material of textbooks, manuals, atlases, use the Internet. Having coped with the task, the student should, in order to consolidate the visual display of the clarified changes, sketch and describe in the individual album pathological changes or draw up a certificate of forensic research, be able to establish the structural basis of the function change, possible complications and substantiate thanatogenesis. With this methodological approach, the principle of clinical and morphological analysis is formed. When drawing up autopsy reports for a deceased student, a student must not only be able to draw up a clinical-pathoanatomical epicrisis, a pathoanatomical diagnosis or a forensic report using the principles of evidence-based medicine.
To this end, the department developed the level of confidence in pathomorphology and the format of the pathological evidence of a particular disease. The student must determine the disease code according to ICD-10, give information about epidemiology and mortality, as well as list pathological changes of high (specificity of macroscopy, microscopy, histochemistry, immunomorphology, cytochemistry) and moderate (non-specific manifestations) level of confidence.
Thus, the introduction of a new type of controlled system of problem study of pathomorphology and forensic medicine allows you to create the necessary cognitive situation, provide conditions for solving problematic tasks, increase the efficiency of mastering practical skills, and ultimately raise the level of the clinical and morphological thinking of the student - the future specialist.
In the context of expanding the independent work of the student in the cognitive process, student research has been stepped up, which helps to reveal the scientific inclinations and potential of the student, therefore, master the skills of practical research and scientific analysis. An example of the effectiveness of such an approach to teaching is the award of third-year students of the Medical Faculty of Litkovtsy Konstantin (2011) and Andrey Banadig (2010) III place at the All-Ukrainian Olympiad in Pathological Anatomy in Sumi.
Active participants of the pathoanatomical student scientific circle are Datsko I., and Gorin G., who reported on their scientific achievements, and were awarded diplomas and diplomas at the 61st International Scientific and Practical Conference of Students and Young Scientists "Actual problems of modern medicine" ( Kiev), the International Scientific Conference of Students and Young Scientists "Actual issues of modern medicine" (Kharkov), the 73rd International Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists "Actual problems of clinical Coy, experimental, proph ichnomu medicine, dentistry and pharmacy "(Donetsk). The award-winning scientific reports of students V. Bizhik and V. Datsko, who participated in the second round of the All-Ukrainian competition of student research papers in the field of “Theoretical Medicine: Normal and Pathological Anatomy, Normal and Pathological Physiology, Immunology and Allergology, Histology, Cytology and Embryology” ( Chernivtsi), Didenko I., Naumets N., Stripko V., Franchuk M., Bogonis I. at the XV International Medical Congress of Students and Young Scientists.
The staff of the department of pathological anatomy with sectional course and forensic medicine (2012)